Helen J. Baumgartner

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Birth*17 June 1898MI 
Marriage*21 June 1923Arthur F. Kullen;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Fred M. Schaefer officiated with witnesses Allide DeMorte and Agnes Baumgartner, both of Detroit 
Witness: Agnes L. Baumgartner
Death*14 February 1971Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Arthur F. Kullen b. 12 Jul 1897, d. 5 Feb 1978
Child 1.Howard A. Kullen b. 9 Jun 1924, d. 28 Apr 1987

Agnes L. Baumgartner

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Birth*17 May 1900Detroit, Wayne, MI 
(Witness) Marriage21 June 1923Arthur F. Kullen, Helen J. Baumgartner;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Fred M. Schaefer officiated with witnesses Allide DeMorte and Agnes Baumgartner, both of Detroit 
Marriage*17 July 1948Elmer E. Faucher;Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Death*5 May 1989East China, St. Clair, MI 

Family

Elmer E. Faucher b. 2 Nov 1890, d. 23 Oct 1978

Loretta C. Baumgartner

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Birth*9 October 1902MI 
Occupation*Lorretta was not employed when the 1930 census was taken. 
(Witness) Marriage20 August 1935William Martin Riddell Jr., Germaine A. Baumgartner;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Edward G. Baumgartner (Germaine's uncle) officiated with witnesses Raymond Abele and Lorretta Baumgartner, both of Detroit 
Death*3 November 1964MI;no ssdi record 
Burial*6 November 1964Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Frederick A. Baumgartner Jr

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Birth*5 July 1905MI 
(Witness) Marriage18 August 1926Olive A. Elert, Romanus Nicholas Baumgartner;St. Anthony's Church, Detroit, MI;Fr Fred W. Schaeper officiated with witnesses Fred Baumgartner and Evelyn Elert, both of Detroit 
Marriage*18 August 1931Olive A. Keating;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Fred W. Shaeper officiated with witnesses Raymond Baumgartner of Pontiac and Helen Keating of Detroit 
Witness: Raymond F. Baumgartner
Occupation*in the floor covering business in Houghton Lake, MI 
Death*12 June 1971Graying, Roscommon, MI;resided in Markey(MI death) Houghton Lake (ssdi), Roscommon 

Family

Olive A. Keating b. 1 Jan 1910, d. 10 May 2003
Children 1.Judith Mae Baumgartner
 2.Frederick Dennis Baumgartner+ b. 13 Mar 1935, d. 23 May 2001
 3.Kenneth Cyril Baumgartner+
 4.Paul Robert Baumgartner+
 5.Michael James Baumgartner
 6.Patrick Jon Baumgartner

Germaine A. Baumgartner

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Birth*25 October 1909MI 
Marriage*20 August 1935William Martin Riddell Jr.;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Edward G. Baumgartner (Germaine's uncle) officiated with witnesses Raymond Abele and Lorretta Baumgartner, both of Detroit 
Witness: Loretta C. Baumgartner
Death*18 December 1998Superior Twp., Washtenaw, MI;resided in Plymouth, Wayne 
Burial*21 December 1998Resurrection Cemetery, Clinton Twp., Macomb, MI 

Family

William Martin Riddell Jr. b. 29 Jun 1905, d. 17 Nov 1991

Nikolaus Priemer

Father*Frank Priemer
Mother*Katherine Pleitencte
Birth*7 December 1833Olbersdorf, Germany 
Marriage*Maria Katharina Graessle 
(Witness) Death23 April 1898Helena Priemer;Gratiot Twp., Wayne, MI 
(Witness) Death29 January 1919Maria Katharina Graessle;Gratiot Twp., Wayne, MI 
CauseDeathhad senile dementia 
Death*17 October 1928Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Witness: Wilhelmina Priemer
Burial*20 October 1928Assumption Grotto Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Maria Katharina Graessle b. 5 Nov 1838, d. 29 Jan 1919
Children 1.Julia Priemer+ b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
 2.Mary Priemer b. 29 May 1870, d. Oct 1957
 3.Wilhelmina Priemer+ b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
 4.Franz Joseph Priemer+ b. 28 Nov 1874, d. 23 Apr 1908
 5.Helena Priemer b. 22 Jul 1877, d. 23 Apr 1898
 6.Leo Priemer+ b. 17 Oct 1878, d. Jan 1969

Maria Katharina Graessle

Birth*5 November 1838Württemberg, Germany 
Marriage*Nikolaus Priemer 
CauseDeathhad chronic bronchitis and senility 
Death*29 January 1919Gratiot Twp., Wayne, MI 
Witness: Nikolaus Priemer
Burial*1 February 1919Assumption Grotto Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Nikolaus Priemer b. 7 Dec 1833, d. 17 Oct 1928
Children 1.Julia Priemer+ b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
 2.Mary Priemer b. 29 May 1870, d. Oct 1957
 3.Wilhelmina Priemer+ b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
 4.Franz Joseph Priemer+ b. 28 Nov 1874, d. 23 Apr 1908
 5.Helena Priemer b. 22 Jul 1877, d. 23 Apr 1898
 6.Leo Priemer+ b. 17 Oct 1878, d. Jan 1969

Esther Ann Ackley

Birth*14 March 1869Wayne County, MI 
Marriage*9 October 1895Frank Xavier Baumgartner;Greiner, Wayne, MI;Father J. Baumgartner officiated with witnesses A. Baumgartner of Warren and Mary Ackley of Greiner 
Death*26 October 1955Wayne County, MI 
Burial*29 October 1959Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Frank Xavier Baumgartner b. 10 Jul 1871, d. 8 May 1947
Children 1.Estella M. Baumgartner b. 3 Oct 1896, d. 16 May 1980
 2.Alfons John Baumgartner+ b. 2 Apr 1898, d. 26 Nov 1985
 3.Eddie Francis Baumgartner b. 7 Jan 1900, d. 3 May 1902
 4.Walter Anthony Baumgartner+ b. 17 Nov 1902, d. 24 Mar 1993

Franz Joseph Priemer

Father*Nikolaus Priemer b. 7 Dec 1833, d. 17 Oct 1928
Mother*Maria Katharina Graessle b. 5 Nov 1838, d. 29 Jan 1919
Birth*28 November 1874Macomb County, MI 
(Witness) Marriage7 February 1893Peter Decker, Mary Priemer;Conner's Creek, Wayne, MI;Father R.L. Marker officiated with witnesses Frank Priemer and Helen Priemer, both of Conner's Creek 
Marriage*11 October 1898Johanna Rosa Baumgartner;Greiner, Wayne, MI;Father F.J. Baumgartner officiated with witnesses Leo Preimer of Greiner and Stella Baumgartner of Hamtramck 
Witness: Stella A. Baumgartner
Witness: Leo Priemer
CauseDeathhad cancer 
Death*23 April 1908Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Witness: Johanna Rosa Baumgartner
Burial*27 April 1908Assumption Grotto Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Johanna Rosa Baumgartner b. 1 Dec 1879, d. 5 Jan 1946
Children 1.Joseph Anthony Priemer b. 11 Sep 1899, d. 31 Mar 1977
 2.Hilary Priemer b. 14 Jan 1901, d. 18 Jun 1959
 3.Frank L. Priemer b. 15 Jun 1902, d. 10 Jan 1981
 4.Rosalia Priemer b. 19 Mar 1903, d. 25 Nov 1936
 5.Clemens Wendelin Priemer+ b. 20 Sep 1905, d. 21 Jun 1977
 6.Lawrence F. Priemer b. 24 Aug 1907, d. 3 Apr 1990

Mary A. Baumgartner

Father*Anthony Baumgartner b. 19 Sep 1862, d. 8 Jan 1929
Mother*Julia Priemer b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
Birth*5 August 1890Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
Marriage*16 June 1915John R. Jalosky;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Fr T.J. Ryan officiated with witnesses Frank Jalosky and Isabelle Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Isabelle J. Baumgartner
Death*6 July 1960 

Family

John R. Jalosky b. 16 Apr 1880, d. 1 Dec 1949

John R. Jalosky

Birth*16 April 1880Royal Oak, Oakland, MI 
Marriage*16 June 1915Mary A. Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Fr T.J. Ryan officiated with witnesses Frank Jalosky and Isabelle Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Isabelle J. Baumgartner
Occupation*a plasterer 
Death*1 December 1949 

Family

Mary A. Baumgartner b. 5 Aug 1890, d. 6 Jul 1960

Edmund N. Baumgartner

Father*Anthony Baumgartner b. 19 Sep 1862, d. 8 Jan 1929
Mother*Julia Priemer b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
Birth*21 September 1891Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
CauseDeathhad nephritis 
Death*13 May 1908Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
Burial*16 May 1908Mt. Hope Cemetery, Pontiac, MI 

Amandus Frederick Baumgartner

Father*Anthony Baumgartner b. 19 Sep 1862, d. 8 Jan 1929
Mother*Julia Priemer b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
Birth*16 August 1894Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
(Witness) Marriage21 October 1916Pearl Lillian McGinnis, Alfred Wendolin Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father Thomas P. Ryan officiated with witnesses Beatrice H. Keyes and Amandus Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Marriage*16 June 1917Hazel Gertrude Thornton;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father Thos. J. Ryan officiated with witnesses Pearl Thornton and Leo Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Leo Anthony Baumgartner
Occupation*an inspector at an auto factory in Pontiac 
Death*10 September 1968St. Petersburg, FL;former resident of Pontiac; resided in Columbus, St. Clair, MI according to ssdi 
Burial14 September 1968Mt. Hope Cemetery, Pontiac, MI 

Family

Hazel Gertrude Thornton b. 3 Dec 1897, d. Jan 1981
Children 1.Eleanor Maxine Baumgartner b. 17 Apr 1918, d. b Sep 1968
 2.Geraldine Mary Baumgartner b. 16 Mar 1922, d. b Sep 1968
 3.Kathleen Marie Baumgartner b. 6 Jul 1924, d. 1984
 4.Maxine Elizabeth Baumgartner b. 27 May 1926, d. b Sep 1968
 5.Leora Ann Baumgartner b. 10 Sep 1928, d. 2 Mar 2002
 6.Alvin Frederick Baumgartner

Hazel Gertrude Thornton

Birth*3 December 1897Carsonville, Sanilac, MI 
Marriage*16 June 1917Amandus Frederick Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father Thos. J. Ryan officiated with witnesses Pearl Thornton and Leo Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Leo Anthony Baumgartner
Death*January 1981NC;resided in Black Mountain, Buncombe, NC 

Family

Amandus Frederick Baumgartner b. 16 Aug 1894, d. 10 Sep 1968
Children 1.Eleanor Maxine Baumgartner b. 17 Apr 1918, d. b Sep 1968
 2.Geraldine Mary Baumgartner b. 16 Mar 1922, d. b Sep 1968
 3.Kathleen Marie Baumgartner b. 6 Jul 1924, d. 1984
 4.Maxine Elizabeth Baumgartner b. 27 May 1926, d. b Sep 1968
 5.Leora Ann Baumgartner b. 10 Sep 1928, d. 2 Mar 2002
 6.Alvin Frederick Baumgartner

Alfred Wendolin Baumgartner

Father*Anthony Baumgartner b. 19 Sep 1862, d. 8 Jan 1929
Mother*Julia Priemer b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
Birth*27 September 1895Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
Marriage*21 October 1916Pearl Lillian McGinnis;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father Thomas P. Ryan officiated with witnesses Beatrice H. Keyes and Amandus Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Amandus Frederick Baumgartner
Death*18 August 1965Contra Costa, Contra Costa, CA 

Family

Pearl Lillian McGinnis b. 13 Jan 1893, d. 17 Sep 1964
Children 1.Edith Marie Baumgartner b. 9 Dec 1917, d. 6 Feb 1990
 2.Alice Elaine Baumgartner
 3.Edmund Karl Baumgartner+ b. 3 Sep 1923, d. 24 Jan 2015
 4.Raymond Alfred Baumgartner+ b. 27 May 1926, d. 27 May 2003

Pearl Lillian McGinnis

Birth*13 January 1893Greenwood, Oceana, MI 
Marriage*21 October 1916Alfred Wendolin Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father Thomas P. Ryan officiated with witnesses Beatrice H. Keyes and Amandus Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Amandus Frederick Baumgartner
Death*17 September 1964San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 

Family

Alfred Wendolin Baumgartner b. 27 Sep 1895, d. 18 Aug 1965
Children 1.Edith Marie Baumgartner b. 9 Dec 1917, d. 6 Feb 1990
 2.Alice Elaine Baumgartner
 3.Edmund Karl Baumgartner+ b. 3 Sep 1923, d. 24 Jan 2015
 4.Raymond Alfred Baumgartner+ b. 27 May 1926, d. 27 May 2003

George Vincent Wasilus

Birth*7 March 1894PA 
Marriage*28 June 1921Isabelle J. Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father J.F. Murphy officiated with witnesses John Wasilus and Stella Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Stella A. Baumgartner
Occupation*an automobile inspector 
Death*5 February 1972Southfield, Oakland, MI;resided in Farmington, Oakland 

Family

Isabelle J. Baumgartner b. 31 Aug 1897, d. 29 Dec 1994
Children 1.Florence Marie Wasilus
 2.Mary Elizabeth Wasilus
 3.Jeanette Mary Wasilus

Leo Anthony Baumgartner

Father*Anthony Baumgartner b. 19 Sep 1862, d. 8 Jan 1929
Mother*Julia Priemer b. 14 May 1869, d. 29 Mar 1959
Birth*18 August 1900Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
(Witness) Marriage16 June 1917Hazel Gertrude Thornton, Amandus Frederick Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Father Thos. J. Ryan officiated with witnesses Pearl Thornton and Leo Baumgartner, both of Pontiac 
Occupation*a machinist at Oakland County Motors 
Marriage*14 August 1928Marguerite M. Weber;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Fr Francis J. Orlick officiated with witnesses Edward Baumgartner and Nellie Brinkman, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Fr. Edward G. Baumgartner
(Witness) Death8 January 1929Anthony Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI 
Death*20 July 1977Pontiac, Oakland, MI;resided in Waterford, Oakland 

Family

Marguerite M. Weber b. 29 Oct 1904, d. 20 Sep 1989
Children 1.Leo Francis Baumgartner+
 2.Richard Louis Baumgartner+
 3.David Michael Baumgartner

Marguerite M. Weber

Birth*29 October 1904Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Marriage*14 August 1928Leo Anthony Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Fr Francis J. Orlick officiated with witnesses Edward Baumgartner and Nellie Brinkman, both of Pontiac 
Witness: Fr. Edward G. Baumgartner
Death*20 September 1989Pontiac, Oakland, MI;resided in Waterford, Oakland 

Family

Leo Anthony Baumgartner b. 18 Aug 1900, d. 20 Jul 1977
Children 1.Leo Francis Baumgartner+
 2.Richard Louis Baumgartner+
 3.David Michael Baumgartner

Abbie Theresa Green

Birth*18 November 1902ND 
Marriage*6 May 1930Frederick J. Baumgartner;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Arthur A. Decker officiated with witnesses Raymond F. Baumgartner of Pontiac and Dorothy Green of Detroit 
Death*11 January 1992Superior Twp., Washtenaw, MI;resided in Hartland, Livingston 

Family

Frederick J. Baumgartner b. 6 Sep 1903, d. Oct 1970
Children 1.Frederick James Baumgartner Jr.+
 2.Carol L. Baumgartner b. 9 Oct 1934, d. 14 Aug 1965
 3.Rita C. Baumgartner

Estelle Hohler

Birth*21 April 1899MI 
Marriage*22 October 1936Raymond F. Baumgartner;Pontiac, Oakland, MI;Fr Edward G. Baumgartner officiated with witnesses Oscar J. and Mary E. Pung of Pontiac 
Witness: Fr. Edward G. Baumgartner
Death*18 November 1969no ssdi found 

Family

Raymond F. Baumgartner b. 20 Jun 1906, d. 11 May 1990

Charles H. Ackley

Father*Ark Ackley b. 9 Jun 1872, d. 21 Oct 1927
Mother*Theresa J. Trombly b. 5 Aug 1879, d. Feb 1961
Birth*11 April 1900Wayne County, MI 
(Witness) Marriage13 August 1924Caroline Gertrude Morris, William G. Schulte;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Father Joseph S. Marx officiated with witnesses Charles Ackley and Cordelia Trombly, both of Detroit 
(Witness) Death21 October 1927Ark Ackley;Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Marriage*6 February 1954Cornelia M. Baumgartner;St. Anthony's Church, Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Death*19 October 1977Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Burial*24 October 1977Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Cornelia M. Baumgartner b. 26 Apr 1894, d. 30 Jan 1971

Romanus Nicholas Baumgartner

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Birth*15 November 1895Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Marriage*14 October 1919Loretta M. Sink;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr J.J. McColie offiated with witnesses Joseph E. Sink and Cornelia Baryortun, both of Detroit 
Marriage*18 August 1926Olive A. Elert;St. Anthony's Church, Detroit, MI;Fr Fred W. Schaeper officiated with witnesses Fred Baumgartner and Evelyn Elert, both of Detroit 
Witness: Frederick A. Baumgartner Jr
Occupation*a dairy farmer and truck gardener, known at one time as the Endive King 
Death*12 March 1965MI 

Family 1

Loretta M. Sink b. 1 Sep 1892, d. 3 Nov 1923
Child 1.Mary Lou Baumgartner b. 5 Sep 1920, d. Mar 1981

Family 2

Olive A. Elert b. 2 Aug 1900, d. 13 Feb 2003
Children 1.Lorraine Baumgartner b. 10 Aug 1927, d. 17 Nov 2011
 2.Doris Virginia Baumgartner
 3.Barbara Ann Baumgartner

Olive A. Elert

Birth*2 August 1900MI 
Marriage*18 August 1926Romanus Nicholas Baumgartner;St. Anthony's Church, Detroit, MI;Fr Fred W. Schaeper officiated with witnesses Fred Baumgartner and Evelyn Elert, both of Detroit 
Witness: Frederick A. Baumgartner Jr
Death*13 February 2003Center Line, Macomb, MI 

Family

Romanus Nicholas Baumgartner b. 15 Nov 1895, d. 12 Mar 1965
Children 1.Lorraine Baumgartner b. 10 Aug 1927, d. 17 Nov 2011
 2.Doris Virginia Baumgartner
 3.Barbara Ann Baumgartner

Arthur F. Kullen

Birth*12 July 1897MI 
Marriage*21 June 1923Helen J. Baumgartner;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Fred M. Schaefer officiated with witnesses Allide DeMorte and Agnes Baumgartner, both of Detroit 
Witness: Agnes L. Baumgartner
Death*5 February 1978St. Clair Shores, Macomb, MI 
Burial*9 February 1978Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Helen J. Baumgartner b. 17 Jun 1898, d. 14 Feb 1971
Child 1.Howard A. Kullen b. 9 Jun 1924, d. 28 Apr 1987

Elmer E. Faucher

Birth*2 November 1890Fair Haven, St. Clair, MI 
Marriage*17 July 1948Agnes L. Baumgartner;Detroit, Wayne, MI 
Death*23 October 1978East China, St. Clair, MI;resided in Marine City, St. Clair 

Family

Agnes L. Baumgartner b. 17 May 1900, d. 5 May 1989

Olive A. Keating

Birth*1 January 1910NY 
Marriage*18 August 1931Frederick A. Baumgartner Jr;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Fred W. Shaeper officiated with witnesses Raymond Baumgartner of Pontiac and Helen Keating of Detroit 
Witness: Raymond F. Baumgartner
Death*10 May 2003Roscommon County, MI;resided in Prudenville, Roscommon MI 
Burial*18 May 2003Resurrection Cemetery, Clinton Twp., Macomb, MI 

Male Infant Baumgartner

Father*Frederick Baumgartner b. 2 Aug 1867, d. 21 Jul 1937
Mother*Wilhelmina Priemer b. 25 Nov 1871, d. 12 Aug 1953
Death*1907lived one day, MI 
Birth*1907MI 

William Martin Riddell Jr.

Birth*29 June 1905MI 
Marriage*20 August 1935Germaine A. Baumgartner;Detroit, Wayne, MI;Fr Edward G. Baumgartner (Germaine's uncle) officiated with witnesses Raymond Abele and Lorretta Baumgartner, both of Detroit 
Witness: Loretta C. Baumgartner
Death*17 November 1991Detroit, Wayne, MI;resided in Eastpointe, Macomb 
Burial*20 November 1991Resurrection Cemetery, Clinton Twp., Macomb, MI 

Family

Germaine A. Baumgartner b. 25 Oct 1909, d. 18 Dec 1998

Charles Vincent LeFevre

Birth*24 April 1900MI 
Marriage*3 July 1934Elizabeth Margaret Baumgartner;St. Clement's Catholic Church, Center Line, Macomb, MI;Pastor of St. Clement's Church officiated with witnesses Joseph L_____ and Marie Baumgartner, both of Center Line 
Witness: Marie Catherine Baumgartner
Occupation*a pharmacist who owned the Hackney Drug Store on Gratiot near McClellan Ave. 
Death*5 March 1963Detroit, Wayne, MI 
CauseDeathdied of wounds received during a holdup of his drug store. 
Burial*9 March 1963Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI 

Family

Elizabeth Margaret Baumgartner b. 18 Nov 1905, d. 14 Mar 1993